A wiki is a web page that may be edited by multiple users without delay (Nakamaru, 2012). Most research on wikis pertain to behavioral engagement, with far fewer research on cognitive engagement and none on emotional engagement. The most notable difference between these studies is the presence of grading, which can account for the inconsistencies in findings. For instance, in studies the place participation was low, wikis were ungraded, suggesting that college students might have additional motivation and encouragement to use wikis (Nakamaru, 2012; Salaber, 2014).
Studies that study the affect of Facebook on behavioral engagement focus both on participation in studying activities and interaction with friends and instructors. In most studies, Facebook activities had been voluntary and participation rates ranged from 16 to ninety five%, with an average of rate of forty seven% (Bahati, 2015; Bowman & Akcaoglu, 2014; Dougherty & Andercheck, 2014; Fagioli, Rios-Aguilar, & Deil-Amen, 2015; Rambe, 2012; Staines & Lauchs, 2013).
If a packet was misplaced or broken, it could be re-transmitted, avoiding the necessity to re-transmit the entire message from the start. The protocols used to transfer knowledge throughout the community needed to be strong and flexible sufficient to be able to take care …